Draws aligned images or outlines on a graphics display


This routine displays on a graphics device the positions of a group of images in their Current attached coordinate system. This will show their relative positions in their current coordinates, and so can, for instance, be used to check that alignment looks correct prior to resampling and combining into a mosaic. Depending on the CLEAR parameter it will either clear the display device and set the plotting area to the right size to fit in all the images, or leave the display intact and plot those parts of images which fit on the existing area.

Depending on the LINES and IMAGE parameters, an outline showing the extent of each image can be plotted, or the pixels of the image plotted resampled into the given coordinate system, or both. Each outline or pixel block shows the extent of the data array of the corresponding image, and is therefore basically rectangular in shape, though it may be distorted if the mapping between pixel and Current coordinates is nonlinear. The origin (minimum X,Y pixel value) of each boundary can be marked and the image labelled with its name and/or index number. Optionally (according to the TRIM parameter), the display may be restricted to the useful extent of the image, enabling overscan regions or bias strips to be ignored.

If the LINES parameter is true, the position of each images data array will be indicated by a (perhaps distorted) rectangle drawn on the device. If the IMAGE parameter is true, then the images pixels will be plotted as well as its position. The colour levels in this case are determined by the PERCENTILES argument applied separately to each plotted frame, and overlapping images will simply be drawn on top of each other - no averaging or scaling is performed. If the IMAGES parameter is false, the program does not need to examine the data pixels at all, so it can run much faster.

The results are only likely to be sensible if the Current coordinate system of all the images is one in which they are all (more or less) aligned. If the Current attached coordinate systems of all do not all have the same Domain (name), a warning will be issued, but plotting will proceed.

DRAWNDF uses the AGI graphics database in a way which is compatible with KAPPA applications; if the CLEAR parameter is set to false (only possible when IMAGE is also false) then it will attempt to align the plotted outlines with suitably registered graphics which are already on the graphics device; in this case outlines or parts of outlines lying outside the existing graphics window remain unplotted. So, for instance, it is easy to overlay the outlines of a set of frames on a mosaic image which has been constructed using those frames, or to see how an undisplayed set of frames would map onto one already displayed, either by a previous invocation of DRAWNDF or by a KAPPA program such as DISPLAY or CONTOUR.

This routine is designed for use on two-dimensional images; if the images presented have more than two dimensions, any higher ones will be ignored.


drawndf in [device]


True if labelled and annotated axes are to be drawn around the plotting surface, showing the common Current coordinate system of the images. The appearance of the axes can be controlled using the STYLE parameter. AXES has a dynamic default; it defaults to the same value as the CLEAR parameter. [dynamic]
If CLEAR is set to true, the graphics device will be cleared before the plot is made.

If you want the outlines to be drawn over the top of an existing DATA picture, for instance one displayed with KAPPAs DISPLAY application, then set CLEAR to false. If possible, alignment will occur within the Current coordinate system of the image. If this is not possible, an attempt is made in SKY, PIXEL or GRID domains. If the image cannot be aligned in any suitable domain, then DRAWNDF will terminate with an error. If CLEAR is set to FALSE, then there must already be a picture displayed on the graphics device.

The CLEAR parameter is ignored (and the device cleared anyway) if IMAGE is true. [TRUE]

The name of the device on which to make the plot. [Current display device]
EXTENT( 4 ) = _INTEGER (Read)
The extent of the useful CCD area. This should be given in pixel index values (see notes). The extent is restricted to that of the CCD frame, so no padding of the data can occur. If values outside of those permissable are given then they are modified to lie within the CCD frame. The values should be given in the order XMIN,XMAX,YMIN,YMAX.

If the TRIM parameter is set true, then only the area defined by these values is drawn. If TRIM is false, this parameter is ignored.

If a global value for this parameter has been set using CCDSETUP then that value will be used. If USESET is true then a value specific to the Set Index of each image will be sought.

A list of the images to be displayed.
If true, the pixels of the each image will be plotted. In this case any existing plot on the graphics device is always cleared, regardless of the value of the CLEAR parameter. Note that DRAWNDF does not need to examine the image pixels at all unless this option is true, so setting it can make the program run much more slowly. [FALSE]
If true, each plotted outline is labelled with the name of the image. Label positioning is determined by the LABPOS parameter. [TRUE]
If true, each plotted outline is labelled with the number of the image (i.e. the first on in the IN list is 1, the second is 2, etc). If both this and the LABNAME parameter are true, the label will contain both the number and the name. Label positioning is determined by the LABPOS parameter. [FALSE]
If true, the label text indicated by the LABNUM and LABNAME parameters will be written on an opaque rectangle of background colour obscuring the picture below. If false, the text will be plotted directly on the picture, which may be hard to read. [TRUE]
A two-character string identifying the positioning of the text label (only used if at least one of LABNAME or LABNUM is true). The first letter indicates the side-to-side position and the second indicates the up-and-down position in the pixel coordinates of each image. Each letter must be "N", "C" or "F", for Near to the origin, Central or Far from the origin. Normally (unless LABUP is true) the text will be written parallel or antiparallel to the X pixel direction for each image, with one edge anchored as per the value of LABPOS in such a way that the text sits inside the outline (if it will fit).

Only the first two characters are significant.

LABPOS normally defaults to "NN", indicating the label written next to the origin, but if LABUP is set TRUE, then it defaults to "CC". [NN]

Normally this parameter is FALSE, and each text label (as determined by LABNAME and LABNUM) is written parallel or anti-parallel to the pixel X axis of the corresponding image. If this parameter is set TRUE however, text will be written upright, that is, horizontal on the graphics device. In this case the positioning algorithm may fail to place it inside the corresponding outline; it is generally not advisable to set LABUP to TRUE unless the label is positioned in the centre of the outline by setting LABPOS="CC". [FALSE]
If true, the outline of each image is plotted. If false, no outlines are plotted. [TRUE]
Name of the CCDPACK logfile. If a null (!) value is given for this parameter then no logfile will be written, regardless of the value of the LOGTO parameter.

If the logging system has been initialised using CCDSETUP then the value specified there will be used. Otherwise, the default is "CCDPACK.LOG". [CCDPACK.LOG]

Every CCDPACK application has the ability to log its output for future reference as well as for display on the terminal. This parameter controls this process, and may be set to any unique abbreviation of the following:
  • TERMINAL – Send output to the terminal only

  • LOGFILE – Send output to the logfile only (see the LOGFILE parameter)

  • BOTH – Send output to both the terminal and the logfile

  • NEITHER – Produce no output at all

If the logging system has been initialised using CCDSETUP then the value specified there will be used. Otherwise, the default is "BOTH". [BOTH]

If true, a marker is placed at the grid coordinate origin of each image (the corner of the data region being considered which has the lowest X and Y pixel coordinates). [TRUE]
If TRUE, each outline will be drawn with a different pen (colour). Otherwise, they will all be drawn in the same pen. [FALSE]
If IMAGE is true, this gives the percentile limits between which each image will be scaled when it is drawn. Any pixels with a value lower than the first element will have the same colour, and any with a value higher than the second will have the same colour. Must be in the range 0 <= PERCENTILES( 1 ) <= PERCENTILES( 2 ) <= 100.

Note that the percentile levels are calculated separately for each of the images in the IN list, so that the brightest pixel in each image will be plotted in the same colour, even though their absolute values may be quite different. [2,98]

A group of attribute settings describing the plotting style to use for the outlines and annotated axes. This should be a string consisting of comma-separated ‘attribute=value items; as explained in the ‘Plotting Styles and Attributes’ section of SUN/95, except that colours may only be specified by number, and not by name.

Some attributes which it may be useful to set are the following (default values given in square brackets):

  • width(curves) – the thickness of outlines drawn [1]

  • colour(curves) – colour of the outlines (if PENROT is true, serves as starting value) [1]

  • size(strings) – font size of text labels [1]

  • colour(strings) – colour of text labels [1]

  • colour(markers) – colour of origin markers [1]

  • colour – colour of everything plotted (including axes and axis labels) [1]

  • grid – whether to draw a grid (1=yes, 0=no) [0]

  • title – title to draw above the plot [coords title]


If TRIM is true, then an attempt will be made to trim the data to its useful area only; this may be used to exclude non-image areas such as overscan regions. See the EXTENT parameter for details of how the useful area is determined. [FALSE]
If USEEXT and TRIM are both TRUE, then the value of the EXTENT parameter will be sought from the CCDPACK extension of each NDF. This method will only be successful if they have been put there using the IMPORT or PRESENT programs. [TRUE]
If the pen colour is being rotated because PENROT is true, USESET determines whether a new colour is used for each individual image or each Set. If TRIM is true, it allows Set-Index-specific values of the EXTENT parameter to be used. This parameter is ignored if PENROT and TRIM are false, and has no effect if the input images have no Set header information.

If a global value for this parameter has been set using CCDSETUP then that value will be used. [FALSE]


drawndf reg-data clear
This will clear the current graphics device and plot on it labelled outlines of all the ‘reg-data images, as well as axes showing the common coordinate system in which they all reside. The plotting area will be made just large enough that all the outlines fit in. Prior to running this, the Current attached coordinate system of all the reg-data images should be one in which they are all aligned.
drawndf ccd noclear
This will attempt to plot boundaries of all the ‘ccd images aligned with whatever is already plotted on the graphics device, for instance the result of a KAPPA DISPLAY command or of a previous call of DRAWNDF. Parts of the image outlines which fall outside the existing plot area will not be visible. If this is attempted when there is no existing picture on the graphics device it will fail with an error.
drawndf in="one,two,three" axes labname labnum penrot
style="size(strings)=2,width(curves)=3" This will draw outlines of the images ‘one, ‘two and ‘three in the current directory with labelled axes, in triple-thick lines and with double-size text labels which read ‘1: one, ‘2: two and ‘3: three respectively. The colour of each outline and its associated text label will be different from the others.
drawndf in=a noclear nopenrot style="colour=2" nolabel nolabnum
All the images beginning with ‘a will be outlined in colour 2, with no text labels or indication of the origin.
drawndf in=gc2112 nolines image percentiles=[20,90]
The graphics device will be cleared, and the named image resampled into its Current attached coordinate system will be displayed. The data will be scaled such that the brightest 10% of pixels are plotted in the highest available colour and the dimmest 20% in the lowest.
drawndf "obs-[abc]" image lines labup labopaque=false
The files obs-a, obs-b and obs-c will be plotted; both the outlines and the pixel data will be shown, and the name of each will be drawn upright in the middle of each one, without an opaque background.

See also

Viewing image alignment”.


Behaviour of Parameters

All parameters retain their current value as default. The "current" value is the value assigned on the last run of the application. If the application has not been run then the "intrinsic" defaults, as shown in the parameter help, apply.

Retaining parameter values has the advantage of allowing you to define the default behaviour of the application. The intrinsic default behaviour of the application may be restored by using the RESET keyword on the command line.

Certain parameters (LOGTO, LOGFILE, USESET and EXTENT) have global values. These global values will always take precedence, except when an assignment is made on the command line, or in the case of EXTENT, if USEEXT is true. If USESET is true, a global value for EXTENT corresponding to the Set Index of each image will be sought. Global values may be set and reset using the CCDSETUP and CCDCLEAR commands.

The DEVICE parameter also has a global association. This is not controlled by the usual CCDPACK mechanisms, instead it works in co-operation with KAPPA (SUN/95) image display/control routines.

If the parameter USEEXT is true then the EXTENT parameter will be sought first from the input NDF extensions, and only got from its global or command-line value if it is not present there.

Implementation Status:

DRAWNDFs communication with the AGI database is compatible with most of KAPPAs behaviour, but is slightly less capable; in particular it will fail to align with pictures whose alignment has been stored using TRANSFORM structures instead of MORE.AST extensions. This affects only older applications.