POLVEC

Calculates polarization vectors from supplied Stokes parameters

Description:

This application calculates values of percentage polarization, polarization angle, total intensity and polarized intensity, based on Stokes parameters in the supplied input NDF (which will normally have been created by POLKA or POLCAL). These calculated values may be stored either in a series of output NDFs, or in a single catalogue.

Usage:

polvec in cat [p] [ang] [i] [ip] [q] [u] [v]

Parameters:

ANG = NDF (Write)
An output NDF holding the polarization angle (anti-clockwise from the reference direction to the plane of polarization - in degrees). In the the case of circular polarization, a value of zero is stored if the normalised Stokes parameter V is positive, and a value of 90 is stored otherwise. A null value can be supplied if this output image is not required. [!]
BOX( 2 ) = _INTEGER (Read)
The x and y sizes (in pixels) of the bins to be used when binning the supplied Stokes parameters prior to estimating the polarization vectors. If only a single value is given, then it will be duplicated so that a square bin is used. A value of 1 produces no binning, and causes the origin of the output NDFs and catalogue to be the same as the x-y origin in the input cube (the output origin is set to [0.0,0.0] if any binning is performed).

This parameter is not accessed and no binning is performed if the input NDF is 4D. Note, if the output vectors are being stored in a catalogue, you should usually use the POLBIN application to bin the Stokes vectors (this applies to both 3D and 4D data). [1]

CAT = LITERAL (Read)
The name of a catalogue to create, holding the calculated polarization parameters tabulated at each point for which Stokes parameters are available. If a null (!) value is supplied, then no catalogue is created. The catalogue will contain the following columns (all stored as single precision _REAL values):
  • X – The pixel X coordinate at the tabulated point.

  • Y – The pixel Y coordinate at the tabulated point.

  • Z – The pixel Z coordinate at the tabulated point (this is only included if the input NDF is 4D).

  • I – The total intensity.

  • Q – The Stokes Q parameter.

  • U – The Stokes U parameter.

  • P – The percentage polarization.

  • ANG – The polarization angle (anti-clockwise from the reference direction to the plane of polarization - in degrees).

  • PI – The polarized intensity.

If VARIANCE is TRUE, then the catalogue will also contain additional columns giving the standard deviation on each of the tabulated values (excluding the X, Y and Z columns). The names of these columns will be formed by prepending the letter D to the start of the column names listed above.

IF RADEC is TRUE, the columns will also contain RA and DEC columns, so long as the input cube contains appropriate WCS information.

When measuring circular polarization, the columns describing Q and U will be replaced by equivalent columns describing V; and the ANG value will be zero if the normalised Stokes parameter V is positive, and 90 otherwise.

The coordinates contained in columns X and Y refer to pixel coordinates after any binning. For this reason it is usually better to avoid binning the Stokes vectors in this application (see parameter BOX). Information describing the mappings between pixel coordinates and any other known coordinate Frames will be stored in the catalogue in textual form, as an AST FrameSet (see SUN/210).

The storage format of the catalogue is determined by the "file type" specified with the file name. If no file type is supplied, the catalogue will be stored in the form of a FITS binary table with file extension ".FIT". Other possibilities are described in SUN/190.

DEBIAS = _LOGICAL (Read)
TRUE if a correction for statistical bias is to be made to percentage polarization and polarized intensity. The returned variance values are unchanged. This correction only applies to calculations of linear polarization, and cannot be used if the input cube does not contain variance values. If a null value (!) is supplied, then the correction is applied if output variances are being created, and not otherwise. [!]
I = NDF (Write)
An output NDF holding the total intensity. A null value can be supplied if this output image is not required. [!]
IN = NDF (Read)
The 3D (or 4D) cube holding the Stokes parameters. This should have been created by POLKA or POLCAL.
IP = NDF (Write)
An output NDF holding the polarized intensity. A null value can be supplied if this output image is not required. [!]
METHOD = LITERAL (Read)
The method to be used when binning Stokes parameters. This may be set to any unique abbreviation of the following:
  • MEAN – Mean of the input data values

  • MEDIAN – Median of the input data values

  • SIGMA – A sigma clipped mean Note, only the MEAN method may be used with bins containing more than 100 values. [MEDIAN]

P = NDF (Write)
An output NDF holding percentage polarization. A null value can be supplied if this output image is not required. [!]
Q = NDF (Write)
An output NDF holding the Q Stokes parameter. A null value can be supplied if this output image is not required. [!]
RADEC = _LOGICAL (Read)
If TRUE, columns holding the RA and DEC (FK5, J2000) are added to the output catalogue, if the input cube contains the necessary WCS information. If FALSE, no RA and DEC columns are written. For large catalogues, creating RA and DEC columns can cause a significant delay. [current value]
SIGMAS = _REAL (Read)
Number of standard deviations to reject data at. Only used if METHOD is set to "SIGMA". [4.0]
U = NDF (Write)
An output NDF holding the U Stokes parameter. A null value can be supplied if this output image is not required. [!]
V = NDF (Write)
An output NDF holding the V Stokes parameter. A null value can be supplied if this output image is not required. [!]
VARIANCE = _LOGICAL (Read)
TRUE if output variances are to be calculated. This parameter is only accessed if the supplied Stokes cube contains variances, otherwise no variances are generated. [TRUE]
WLIM = _REAL (Read)
If the input cube contains bad pixels, then this parameter may be used to determine the number of good Stokes parameters which must be present within each bin before a valid output vector is generated. It can be used, for example, to prevent output vectors from being generated in regions where there are relatively few good Stokes parameters to contribute to the bin.

The value given for WLIM specifies the minimum fraction of good pixels which must be present in each bin in order to generate a good output vector. If this specified minimum fraction of good input pixels is not present, then a bad output vector will result. The value of this parameter should lie between 0.0 and 1.0 (the actual number used will be rounded up if necessary to correspond to at least 1 pixel). [0.0]

Notes:

Copyright

Copyright (C) 2001 Central Laboratory of the Research Councils