Determines the parameters of a model star profile by fitting star images in a two-dimensional NDF


This application finds a set of parameters to describe a model Gaussian star image. It can be used for profile-fitting stellar photometry, to evaluate correction terms to aperture photometry, or for filtering.

The model has a Sérsic radial profile:

D = Aexp 0.5(r/σ)γ

where r is calculated from the true radial distance from the star centre allowing for image ellipticity, σ is the Gaussian precision constant or profile width. The application combines a number of star images you specify and determines a mean seeing-disc size, radial fall-off parameter (γ), axis ratio, and orientation of a model star image.

A table, giving details of the seeing and ellipticity of each star image used can be reported to an output text file. This table indicates if any star could not be used. Reasons for rejecting stars are too-many bad pixels present in the image, the star is too close to the edge of the data array, the ‘star’ is a poor fit to model or it could not be located.

An optional plot of the mean profile and the fitted function may be produced. The two-dimensional point-spread function may be stored in an NDF  for later use, as may the one-dimensional fitted profile.


psf in incat [device] [out] [cut] [range] [isize] [poscols]


TRUE if labelled and annotated axes are to be drawn around the plot. The width of the margins left for the annotation may be controlled using Parameter MARGIN. The appearance of the axes (colours, founts, etc.) can be controlled using the Parameter STYLE. The dynamic default is TRUE if CLEAR is TRUE, and FALSE otherwise. []
If TRUE the current picture is cleared before the plot is drawn. If CLEAR is FALSE not only is the existing plot retained, but also an attempt is made to align the new picture with the existing picture. Thus you can generate a composite plot within a single set of axes, say using different colours or modes to distinguish data from different datasets. [TRUE]
Name of a text file containing the co-ordinates of the stars to be used. It is only accessed if Parameter INCAT is given a null (!) value. Each line should contain the formatted axis values for a single position, in the current Frame  of the NDF. Columns can be separated by spaces, tabs or commas. The file may contain comment lines with the first character # or !. Other columns may be included in the file, in which case the columns holding the required co-ordinates should be specified using Parameter POSCOLS.
CUT = _REAL (Read)
This parameter controls the size of the output NDF. If it is null, !, the dimension of the square NDF will be the size of the region used to calculate the radial profile, which usually is given by RANGE width in pixels AXISR, unless truncated. If CUT has a value it is the threshold which must be included in the PSF NDF, and it is given as the fraction of the peak amplitude of the PSF. For example, if CUT=0.5 the NDF would contain the point-spread function to half maximum. CUT must be greater than 0 and less than 1. The suggested default is 0.0001. [!]
The graphics workstation on which to produce a plot of the mean radial profile of the stars and the fitted function. A null (!) name indicates that no plot is required. [current graphics device]
If TRUE, the γ coefficient is fixed to be 2; in other words the best-fitting two-dimensional Gaussian is evaluated. If FALSE, γ is a free parameter of the fit, and the derived value is returned in Parameter GAMMA. [FALSE]
IN = NDF (Read)
The NDF containing the star images to be fitted.
A catalogue containing a positions list (such as produced by applications CURSOR, LISTMAKE) giving the star positions to use. If a null (!) value is supplied Parameter COFILE will be used to get the star positions from a simple text file.
The side of the square area to be used when forming the marginal profiles for a star image, given as a number of pixels. It should be sufficiently large to contain the entire star image. It should be an odd number and must lie in the range from 3 to 101. [15]
Text file to contain the table of parameters for each star. A null (!) name indicates that no log file is required. [!]
MARGIN( 4 ) = _REAL (Read)
The widths of the margins to leave for axis annotation, given as fractions of the corresponding dimension of the current picture. Four values may be given, in the order: bottom, right, top, left. If fewer than four values are given, extra values are used equal to the first supplied value. If these margins are too narrow, any axis annotation may be clipped. If a null (!) value is supplied, the value used is 0.15 (for all edges) if either annotated axes or a key are produced, and zero otherwise. [current value]
The PGPLOT marker type to use for the data values in the plot. [current value]
If MINOR is TRUE the horizontal axis of the plot is annotated with distance along the minor axis from the centre of the PSF. If MINOR is FALSE, the distance along the major axis is used. [TRUE]
If TRUE, the model PSF is normalized so that it has a peak value of unity. Otherwise, its peak value is equal to the peak value of the fit to the first usable star, in the data units of the input NDF. [TRUE]
OUT = NDF (Write)
The NDF containing the fitted point-spread function evaluated at each pixel. If null, !, is entered no output NDF will be created. The dimensions of the array are controlled by Parameter CUT. The pixel origin is chosen to align the model PSF with the first fitted star in pixel co-ordinates, thus allowing the NDF holding the model PSF to be compared directly with the input NDF. A WCS component is stored in the output NDF holding a copy of the input WCS component. An additional Frame with Domain name OFFSET is added, and is made the current Frame. This Frame measures the distance from the PSF centre in the units in which the FWHM is reported. These changes allows the NDF holding the model PSF to be compared directly with the input NDF. [!]
Column positions of the co-ordinates (x then y) in an input record of the file specified by Parameter COFILE. The columns must be different amongst themselves. If there is duplication new values will be requested. Only accessed if INCAT is given a null (!) value. If a null (!) value is supplied for POSCOLS, the values [1,2] will be used. [!]
The NDF containing the one-dimensional fitted profile as displayed in the plot. If null, !, is entered no output NDF will be created. The DATA component of this NDF holds the fitted PSF value at each radial bin. The VARIANCE  component holds the square of the residuals between the fitted values and the binned values derived from the input NDF. An AXIS  component is included in the NDF containing the radial distance as displayed in the plot. [!]
RANGE = _REAL (Read)
The number of image profile widths out to which the radial star profile is to be fitted. (There is an upper limit of 100 pixels to the radius at which data are actually used.) [4.0]
A group of attribute settings describing the plotting style to use when drawing the annotated axes, data values, and the model profile.

A comma-separated list of strings should be given in which each string is either an attribute setting, or the name of a text file preceded by an up-arrow character "^". Such text files should contain further comma-separated lists which will be read and interpreted in the same manner. Attribute settings are applied in the order in which they occur within the list, with later settings overriding any earlier settings given for the same attribute.

Each individual attribute setting should be of the form:

<name >= <value >

where <name > is the name of a plotting attribute, and <value > is the value to assign to the attribute. Default values will be used for any unspecified attributes. All attributes will be defaulted if a null value (!)–-the initial default–-is supplied. To apply changes of style to only the current invocation, begin these attributes with a plus sign. A mixture of persistent and temporary style changes is achieved by listing all the persistent attributes followed by a plus sign then the list of temporary attributes.

See Section E for a description of the available attributes. Any unrecognised attributes are ignored (no error is reported). The appearance of the model curve is controlled by the attributes Colour(Curves), Width(Curves), etc. (the synonym Line may be used in place of Curves). The appearance of the markers representing the real data is controlled by Colour(Markers), Width(Markers), etc. (the synonym Symbols may be used in place of Markers). [current value]

The title for the NDF to contain the fitted point-spread function. If null, !, is entered the NDF will not contain a title. ["KAPPA - PSF"]
USEAXIS is only accessed if the current co-ordinate Frame  of the NDF has more than two axes. A group of two strings should be supplied specifying the two axes which are to be used when determining distances, reporting positions, etc. Each axis can be specified using one of the following options.
  • Its integer index within the current Frame of the input NDF (in the range 1 to the number of axes in the current Frame).

  • Its Symbol  string such as "RA" or "VRAD".

  • A generic option where "SPEC" requests the spectral axis, "TIME" selects the time axis, "SKYLON" and "SKYLAT" picks the sky longitude and latitude axes respectively. Only those axis domains present are available as options.

A list of acceptable values is displayed if an illegal value is supplied. If a null (!) value is supplied, the axes with the same indices as the two significant NDF pixel axes are used. [!]

The axis value to place at the left hand end of the horizontal axis of the plot. If a null (!) value is supplied, a suitable default value will be found and used. The value supplied may be greater than or less than the value supplied for XRIGHT. [!]
The axis value to place at the right hand end of the horizontal axis of the plot. If a null (!) value is supplied, a suitable default value will be found and used. The value supplied may be greater than or less than the value supplied for XLEFT. [!]
The axis value to place at the bottom end of the vertical axis of the plot. If a null (!) value is supplied, a suitable default value will be found and used. The value supplied may be greater than or less than the value supplied for YTOP. [!]
The axis value to place at the top end of the vertical axis of the plot. If a null (!) value is supplied, a suitable default value will be found and used. The value supplied may be greater than or less than the value supplied for YBOT. [!]

Results Parameters

AMP1 = _REAL (Write)
The fitted peak amplitude of the first usable star, in the data units of the input NDF.
AXISR = _REAL (Write)
The axis ratio of the star images: the ratio of the major axis length to that of the minor axis.
The formatted co-ordinates of the first fitted star position, in the current Frame of the NDF.
FWHM = _REAL (Write)
The seeing-disc size: the full width at half maximum across the minor axis of the stars. It is in units defined by the current Frame of the NDF. For instance, a value in arcseconds will be reported if the current Frame is a SKY Frame, but pixels will be used if it is a PIXEL Frame.
GAMMA = _REAL (Write)
The radial fall-off parameter, γ, of the star images. See the description for more details. A γ of two would be a Gaussian.
ORIENT = _REAL (Write)
The orientation of the major axis of the star images, in degrees. If the current Frame of the NDF is a SKY Frame, this will be a position angle (measured from north through east). Otherwise, it will be measured from the positive direction of the first current Frame axis ("X") towards the second current Frame axis ("Y").
TOTAL = _REAL (Write)
The flux of the fitted function integrated to infinite radius. Its unit is the product of the data unit of the input NDF and the square of the radial unit, such as pixel or arcsec, for the current WCS Frame, when NORM=FALSE. When NORM=TRUE, TOTAL is just measured in the squared radial unit. Therefore, for direct comparison of total flux, the same units must be used.


psf ngc6405i starlist.FIT
Derives the mean point-spread function for the stars images in the NDF called ngc6405i that are situated near the co-ordinates given in the positions list starlist.FIT. A plot of the profile is drawn on the current graphics device.
psf ngc6405i starlist device=!
As above but there is no graphical output, and the file type of the input positions list is defaulted.
psf ngc6405i cofile=starlist.dat gauss
As the first example, except the psf is fitted to a two-dimensional Gaussian, and the positions are given in a simple text file (starlist.dat) instead of a positions list.
psf incat=starlist.FIT in=ngc6405i logfile=fit.log fwhm=(seeing)
As the first example, but the results, including the fits to each star, are written to the text file fit.log. The full-width half-maximum is written to the ICL variable SEEING rather than the parameter file.
psf ngc6405i starlist isize=31 style="’title=Point spread function’"
As the first example, but the area including a star image is 31 pixels square, say because the seeing is poor or the pixels are smaller than normal. The graph is titled "Point spread function".


Related Applications

PHOTOM; Starman.

Implementation Status: