DISPLAY

Displays a one- or two-dimensional NDF

Description:

This application displays a one- or two-dimensional NDF  as an image on the current graphics device. The minimum and maximum data values to be displayed can be selected in several ways (see Parameter MODE). Data values outside these limits are displayed with the colour of the nearest limit. A key showing the relationship between colour and data value can be displayed (see Parameter KEY).

Annotated axes or a simple border can be drawn around the image (see Parameters AXES and BORDER). The appearance of these may be controlled in detail (see Parameters STYLE and BORSTYLE).

A specified colour lookup table may optionally be loaded prior to displaying the image (see Parameter LUT). For devices which reset the colour table when opened (such as PostScript files), this may be the only way of controlling the colour table.

The image is produced within the current graphics database picture. The co-ordinates at the centre of the image, and the scale of the image can be controlled using Parameters CENTRE, XMAGN and YMAGN. Only the parts of the image that lie within the current picture are visible; the rest is clipped. The image is padded with bad pixels if necessary.

Usage:

display in [comp] clear [device] mode [centre] [xmagn] [ymagn] [out]
 
low=? high=? percentiles=? sigmas=?

  mode

Parameters:

AXES = _LOGICAL (Read)
TRUE if labelled and annotated axes are to be drawn around the image. These display co-ordinates in the current co-ordinate Frame  of the supplied NDF, and may be changed using application WCSFRAME (see also Parameter USEAXIS). The width of the margins left for the annotation may be controlled using Parameter MARGIN. The appearance of the axes (colours, founts, etc.) can be controlled using the STYLE Parameter. [current value]
BADCOL = LITERAL (Read)
The colour with which to mark any bad (i.e. missing) pixels in the display. There are a number of options described below.
  • "MAX" –- The maximum colour index used for the display of the image.

  • "MIN" –- The minimum colour index used for the display of the image.

  • An integer –- The actual colour index. It is constrained between 0 and the maximum colour index available on the device.

  • A named colour –- Uses the named colour from the palette, and if it is not present, the nearest colour from the palette is selected.

  • An HTML colour code such as #ff002d.

If the colour is to remain unaltered as the lookup table is manipulated choose an integer between 0 and 15, or a named colour. The suggested default is the current value. [current value]

BORDER = _LOGICAL (Read)
TRUE if a border is to be drawn around the regions of the displayed image containing valid co-ordinates in the current co-ordinate Frame of the NDF. For instance, if the NDF contains an Aitoff all-sky map, then an elliptical border will be drawn if the current co-ordinate Frame is galactic longitude and latitude. This is because pixels outside this ellipse have undefined positions in galactic co-ordinates. If, instead, the current co-ordinate Frame had been pixel co-ordinates, then a simple box would have been drawn containing the whole image. This is because every pixel has a defined position in pixel co-ordinates. The appearance of the border (colour, width, etc.) can be controlled using Parameter BORSTYLE. [current value]
BORSTYLE = GROUP (Read)
A group of attribute settings describing the plotting style to use for the border (see Parameter BORDER).

A comma-separated list of strings should be given in which each string is either an attribute setting, or the name of a text file preceded by an up-arrow character "^". Such text files should contain further comma-separated lists which will be read and interpreted in the same manner. Attribute settings are applied in the order in which they occur within the list, with later settings overriding any earlier settings given for the same attribute.

Each individual attribute setting should be of the form:

<name >= <value >

where <name > is the name of a plotting attribute, and <value > is the value to assign to the attribute. Default values will be used for any unspecified attributes. All attributes will be defaulted if a null value (!)–-the initial default–-is supplied. To apply changes of style to only the current invocation, begin these attributes with a plus sign. A mixture of persistent and temporary style changes is achieved by listing all the persistent attributes followed by a plus sign then the list of temporary attributes.

See Section E for a description of the available attributes. Any unrecognised attributes are ignored (no error is reported). [current value]

CENTRE = LITERAL (Read)
The co-ordinates of the data pixel to be placed at the centre of the image, in the current co-ordinate Frame of the NDF (supplying a colon ":" will display details of the current co-ordinate Frame). The position should be supplied as a list of formatted axis values separated by spaces or commas. See also Parameter USEAXIS. A null (!) value causes the centre of the image to be used. [!]
CLEAR = _LOGICAL (Read)
TRUE if the current picture is to be cleared before the image is displayed. [current value]
COMP = LITERAL (Read)
The NDF array component to be displayed. It may be "Data", "Quality", "Variance", or "Error" (where "Error" is an alternative to "Variance" and causes the square root of the variance values to be displayed). If "Quality" is specified, then the quality values are treated as numerical values (in the range 0 to 255). ["Data"]
DEVICE = DEVICE (Read)
The name of the graphics device used to display the image. The device must have at least 24 colour indices or grey-scale intensities. [current graphics device]
FILL = _LOGICAL (Read)
If FILL is set to TRUE, then the image will be ‘stretched’ to fill the current picture in both directions. This can be useful when displaying images with markedly different dimensions, such as two-dimensional spectra. The dynamic default is TRUE if the array being displayed is one-dimensional, and FALSE otherwise. []
HIGH = _DOUBLE (Read)
The data value corresponding to the highest pen in the colour table. All larger data values are set to the highest colour index when HIGH is greater than LOW, otherwise all data values greater than HIGH are set to the lowest colour index. The dynamic default is the maximum data value. There is an efficiency gain when both LOW and HIGH are given on the command line, because the extreme values need not be computed. (Scale mode)
IN = NDF (Read)
The input NDF structure containing the data to be displayed.
KEY = _LOGICAL (Read)
TRUE if a key to the colour table is to be produced to the right of the display. This can take the form of a colour ramp, a coloured histogram of pen indices, or graphs of RGB intensities, all annotated with data value. The form and appearance of this key can be controlled using Parameter KEYSTYLE, and its horizontal position can be controlled using Parameter KEYPOS. If the key is required in a different location, set KEY=NO and use application LUTVIEW after displaying the image. [TRUE]
KEYPOS( 2 ) = _REAL (Read)
The first element gives the gap between the right-hand edge of the display and the left-hand edge of the key, as a fraction of the width of the current picture. If a key is produced, then the right-hand margin specified by Parameter MARGIN is ignored, and the value supplied for KEYPOS is used instead. The second element gives the vertical position of the key as a fractional value in the range zero to one: zero puts the key as low as possible, one puts it as high as possible. [current value]
KEYSTYLE = GROUP (Read)
A group of attribute settings describing the plotting style to use for the key (see Parameter KEY).

A comma-separated list of strings should be given in which each string is either an attribute setting, or the name of a text file preceded by an up-arrow character "^". Such text files should contain further comma-separated lists which will be read and interpreted in the same manner. Attribute settings are applied in the order in which they occur within the list, with later settings overriding any earlier settings given for the same attribute.

Each individual attribute setting should be of the form:

<name >= <value >

where <name > is the name of a plotting attribute, and <value > is the value to assign to the attribute. Default values will be used for any unspecified attributes. All attributes will be defaulted if a null value (!)–-the initial default–-is supplied. To apply changes of style to only the current invocation, begin these attributes with a plus sign. A mixture of persistent and temporary style changes is achieved by listing all the persistent attributes followed by a plus sign then the list of temporary attributes.

See Section E for a description of the available attributes. Any unrecognised attributes are ignored (no error is reported).

Axis 1 is always the data value axis. So for instance, to set the label for the data-value axis, assign a value to "Label(1)" in the supplied style.

To get a ramp key (the default), specify "form=ramp". To get a histogram key (a coloured histogram of pen indices), specify "form=histogram". To get a graph key (three curves of RGB intensities), specify "form=graph". If a histogram key is produced, the population axis can be either logarithmic or linear. To get a logarithmic population axis, specify "logpop=1". To get a linear population axis, specify "logpop=0" (the default). To annotate the long axis with pen numbers instead of pixel value, specify "pennums=1" (the default, "pennums=0", shows pixel values). [current value]

LOW = _DOUBLE (Read)
The data value corresponding to the lowest pen in the colour table. All smaller data values are set to the lowest colour index when LOW is less than HIGH, otherwise all data values smaller than LOW are set to the highest colour index. The dynamic default is the minimum data value. There is an efficiency gain when both LOW and HIGH are given on the command line, because the extreme values need not be computed. (Scale mode)
LUT = NDF (Read)
Name of the NDF containing a colour lookup table in its Data array; the lookup table is written to the graphics device’s colour table. The purpose of this parameter is to provide a means of controlling the appearance of the image on certain devices, such as colour printers, that do not have a dynamic colour table (i.e. the colour table is reset when the device is opened). If used with dynamic devices (such as X-windows), the new colour table remains after this application has completed. A null value (!) causes the existing colour table to be used.

The LUT must be two-dimensional, the dimension of the first axis being 3, and the second being arbitrary. The method used to compress or expand the colour table if the second dimension is different from the number of unreserved colour indices is controlled by Parameter NN. Also the LUT’s values must lie in the range 0.0–1.0. [!]

MARGIN( 4 ) = _REAL (Read)
The widths of the margins to leave around the image for axis annotations, given as fractions of the corresponding dimension of the current picture. The actual margins used may be increased to preserve the aspect ratio of the data. Four values may be given, in the order: bottom, right, top, left. If fewer than four values are given, extra values are used equal to the first supplied value. If these margins are too narrow any axis annotation may be clipped. If a null (!) value is supplied, the value used is (for all edges); 0.15 if annotated axes are being produced; 0.04, if a simple border is being produced; and 0.0 if neither border nor axes are being produced. [current value]
MODE = LITERAL (Read)
The method by which the maximum and minimum data values to be displayed are chosen. The options are as follows.
  • "Current" –- The image is scaled between the upper and lower limits that were used by the previous invocation of DISPLAY. If the previous scaling limits cannot be determined, the MODE value reverts to "Scale".

    "Faint" –- The image is scaled between the mean data value minus one standard deviation and the mean data value plus seven standard deviations. The scaling values are reported so that the faster Scale mode may be utilised later.

  • "Flash" –- The image is flashed on to the screen without any scaling at all. This is the fastest option.

  • "Percentiles" –- The image is scaled between the data values corresponding to two percentiles. The scaling values are reported so that the faster Scale mode may be used later.

  • "Range" –- The image is scaled between the minimum and maximum data values.

  • "Scale" –- You define the upper and lower limits between which the image is to be scaled. The application reports the maximum and the minimum data values for reference and makes these the suggested defaults.

  • "Sigmas" –- The image is scaled between two standard-deviation limits. The scaling values used are reported so that the faster Scale mode may be utilised later.

NN = _LOGICAL (Read)
If TRUE the input lookup table is mapped to the colour table by using the nearest-neighbour method. This preserves sharp edges and is better for lookup tables with blocks of colour. If NN is FALSE, linear interpolation is used, and this is suitable for smoothly varying colour tables. NN is ignored unless LUT is not null. [FALSE]
NUMBIN = _INTEGER (Read)
The number of histogram bins used to compute percentiles for scaling. (Percentiles mode) [2048]
OUT = NDF (Write)
A scaled copy of the displayed section of the image. Values in this output image are integer colour indices shifted to exclude the indices reserved for the palette (i.e. the value zero refers to the first colour index following the palette). The output NDF is intended to be used as the input data in conjunction with SCALE=FALSE. If a null value (!) is supplied, no output NDF will be created. This parameter is not accessed when SCALE=FALSE. [!]
PENRANGE( 2 ) = _REAL (Read)
The range of colour indices (“pens”) to use. The supplied values are fractional values where zero corresponds to the lowest available colour index and 1.0 corresponds to the highest available colour index. The default value of [0.0,1.0] thus causes the full range of colour indicies to be used. Note, if parameter LUT is null (!) or parameter SCALE is FALSE then this parameter is ignored and the fill range of pens is used. [0.0,1.0]
PERCENTILES( 2 ) = _REAL (Read)
The percentiles that define the scaling limits. For example, [25,75] would scale between the quartile values. (Percentile mode)
SCALE = _LOGICAL (Read)
If TRUE the input data are to be scaled according to the value of Parameter MODE. If it is FALSE, MODE is ignored, and the input data are displayed as is (i.e. the data values are simply converted to integer type and used as indices into the colour table). A value of zero refers to the first pen following the palette. A FALSE value is intended to be used with data previously scaled by this or similar applications which have already performed the required scaling (see Parameter OUT). It provides the quickest method of image display within this application. [TRUE]
SIGMAS( 2 ) = _REAL (Read)
The standard-deviation bounds that define the scaling limits. To obtain values either side of the mean both a negative and a positive value are required. Thus [-2,3] would scale between the mean minus two and the mean plus three standard deviations. [3,-2] would give the negative of that.
SQRPIX = _LOGICAL (Read)
If TRUE, then the default value for YMAGN equals the value supplied for XMAGN, resulting in all pixels being displayed as squares on the display surface. If a FALSE value is supplied for SQRPIX, then the default value for YMAGN is chosen to retain the pixels original aspect ratio at the centre of the image. [current value]
STYLE = GROUP (Read)
A group of attribute settings describing the plotting style to use for the annotated axes (see Parameter AXES).

A comma-separated list of strings should be given in which each string is either an attribute setting, or the name of a text file preceded by an up-arrow character "^". Such text files should contain further comma-separated lists which will be read and interpreted in the same manner. Attribute settings are applied in the order in which they occur within the list, with later settings overriding any earlier settings given for the same attribute.

Each individual attribute setting should be of the form:

<name >= <value >

where <name > is the name of a plotting attribute, and <value > is the value to assign to the attribute. Default values will be used for any unspecified attributes. All attributes will be defaulted if a null value (!)–-the initial default–-is supplied. To apply changes of style to only the current invocation, begin these attributes with a plus sign. A mixture of persistent and temporary style changes is achieved by listing all the persistent attributes followed by a plus sign then the list of temporary attributes.

See Section E for a description of the available attributes. Any unrecognised attributes are ignored (no error is reported). [current value]

USEAXIS = GROUP (Read)
USEAXIS is only accessed if the current co-ordinate Frame of the NDF has more than two axes. A group of two strings should be supplied specifying the two axes which are to be used when annotating the image, and when supplying a value for Parameter CENTRE. Each axis can be specified using one of the following options.
  • Its integer index within the current Frame of the input NDF (in the range 1 to the number of axes in the current Frame).

  • Its Symbol  string such as "RA" or "VRAD".

  • A generic option where "SPEC" requests the spectral axis, "TIME" selects the time axis, "SKYLON" and "SKYLAT" picks the sky longitude and latitude axes respectively. Only those axis domains present are available as options.

A list of acceptable values is displayed if an illegal value is supplied. If a null (!) value is supplied, the axes with the same indices as the two used pixel axes within the NDF are used. [!]

XMAGN = _REAL (Read)
The horizontal magnification for the image. The default value of 1.0 corresponds to ’normal’ magnification in which the the image fills the available space in at least one dimension. A value larger than 1.0 makes each data pixel wider. If this results in the image being wider than the available space then the image will be clipped to display fewer pixels. See also Parameters YMAGN, CENTRE, SQRPIX, and FILL. [1.0]
YMAGN = _REAL (Read)
The vertical magnification for the image. A value of 1.0 corresponds to ’normal’ magnification in which the image fills the available space in at least one dimension. A value larger than 1.0 makes each data pixel taller. If this results in the image being taller than the available space then the image will be clipped to display fewer pixels. See also Parameters XMAGN, CENTRE, and FILL. If a null ((!) value is supplied, the default value used depends on Parameter SQRPIX. If SQRPIX is TRUE, the default YMAGN value used is the value supplied for XMAGN. This will result in each pixel occupying a square area on the screen. If SQRPIX is FALSE, then the default value for YMAGN is chosen so that each pixel occupies a rectangular area on the screen matching the pixel aspect ratio at the centre of the image, determined within the current WCS Frame.  [!]

Results Parameters

SCAHIGH = _DOUBLE (Write)
On exit, this holds the data value which corresponds to the maximum colour index in the displayed image. In Flash mode or when there is no scaling the highest colour index is returned.
SCALOW = _DOUBLE (Write)
The data value scaled to the minimum colour index for display. In Flash mode or when there is no scaling the lowest colour index is used. The current display linear-scaling minimum is set to this value.

Examples:

display ngc6872 mode=p percentiles=[10,90] noaxes
Displays the NDF called ngc6872 on the current graphics device device. The scaling is between the 10 and 90 per cent percentiles of the image. No annotated axes are produced.
display vv256 mode=flash noaxes border borstyle="colour=blue,style=2"
Displays the NDF called vv256 on the current graphics device device. There is no scaling of the data; instead the modulus of each pixel with respect to the number of colour-table indices is shown. No annotated axes are drawn, but a blue border is drawn around the image using PGPLOT line style number 2 (i.e. dashed lines).
display mode=fa axes style="^sty,grid=1" margin=0.2 clear out=video
Displays the current NDF DATA component with annotated axes after clearing the current picture on the current graphics device device. The appearance of the axes is specified in the text file sty, but this is modified by setting the Grid  attribute to 1 so that a co-ordinate grid is drawn across the plot. The margins around the image containing the axes are made slightly wider than normal. The scaling is between the 1 and +7 standard deviations of the image around its mean. The scaled data are stored in an NDF called video.
display video noscale
Displays the DATA component of the NDF called video (created in the previous example) without scaling within the current picture on the current graphics device.
display in=cgs4a comp=v mode=sc low=1 high=5.2 device=xwindows
Displays the VARIANCE component of NDF cgs4a on the xwindows device, scaling between 1 and 5.2.
display mydata centre="12:23:34 -22:12:23" xmagn=2 badcol="red"
Displays the NDF called mydata centred on the position RA=12:23:34, DEC=-22:12:23. This assumes that the current co-ordinate Frame in the NDF is an equatorial (RA/DEC) Frame. The image is displayed with a magnification of 2 so that each data pixel appears twice as large (on each axis) as normal. Fewer data pixels may be displayed to ensure the image fits within the available space in the current picture. The current scaling is used, and bad pixels are shown in red.
display ngc6872 mode=ra device=lj250 lut=pizza
Displays the NDF called ngc6872 on the LJ250 device. The lookup table in the NDF called pizza is mapped on the LJ250’s colour table. The scaling is between the minimum and maximum of the image.

Notes:

Related Applications

KAPPA: WCSFRAME, PICDEF; FIGARO: IGREY, IMAGE, MOVIE.

Implementation Status: